ANTHROPIC SELECTION EFFECTS: POSSIBLE “LIFE” WORLD SCENARIO’S AND “BEING NO ONE…..”

2 03 2009

By TIM CLARK

1

Anthropic Entity1

Gil. & Geo. Color UnCrop.

Anthropic Entity(s) 2

cronos_close

Anthropic Entity(s) 3

Recent trends have made it clear that simulation model fidelity and complexity will continue to increase dramatically in the coming decades. For example, the beginning of the mission to build a simulated brain is already announced (Graham-Rowe, 2005). Using intelligent agents in simulation models is based on the idea that it is possible to represent the behavior of active entities in the world with their own operational autonomy. . . . The factors that may affect decision making of agents, such as personality, emotions, and cultural backgrounds, can also be embedded in agents. . . Abilities to make agents intelligent include anticipation, understanding, learning, and communication in natural and body language. Abilities to make agents trustworthy as well as assuring the sustainability of agent societies include being rational, responsible, and accountable. These lead to rationality, skillfulness, and morality (e.g., ethical agent, moral agent). 4

Read the rest of this entry »





TIM CLARK

2 03 2009

Tim Clark, Canadian/British (Dual Citizen), 1945, Associate Professor at Concordia University, Intermedia & Cyber Arts, http://imca.concordia.ca/ and researcher at Hexagram: Institute for Research/Creation in Media Arts and Technologies, http://www.hexagram.org/spip.php?page=home&lang=en&sid=0. Professor Clark works in the areas of Theological Aesthetics, Film Studies, and, issues of Philosophy of Mind and AI research. Amongst the projects he working on is a critical examination of the historical inter-relationship between ‘The Argument from Human Creativity’ and attempts by computer scientists, philosophers, and, cognitive and neuro-scientists to formulate an implementable, theoretical model of ‘Strong Artificial Intelligence’.





EXTREME INTERVALS AND SENSORY FUSIONS: THE HINGE

1 03 2009

By SHER DORUFF

The synesthetic hypersurface refracts the activity of matter […] It is the hinge-plane not only between senses, tenses, and dimensions of space time, but between matter and mindedness: the involuntary and the elicited.” (Massumi, 2002)

It can be argued that extreme cognition is always already. Its possibilities and limits expressed in the half-second interval between brain stimulus and conscious perception. In that interstice, cognition, hallucination, memory and perception are indistinguishable as potentiality. Physiologist Benjamin Libet called this durational gap readiness potential (RP). Here, matter meets mindedness and past meets future in the illusory “backwards referral” of conscious experience; neural activity prepares a movement before the decision to move is made. Synesthesia research, the study of cross-modal correspondence and the RP interval together provide a resonant playing field for creatively thinking through the dynamics of thought as it melds with sensory experience of the world. One of synesthesia’s primary conditions – involuntary and elicited cross-modal perception – can be considered a link to unraveling the mysterious processing of “mind time.” Brian Massumi’s concept of the biogram exemplifies one effort to interweave these conditions by speculating on the implications of 1) the recursive duration of lived experience manifested in the half-second interval and 2) cross-modal connectedness.

Read the rest of this entry »





SHER DORUFF

1 03 2009

sher

Dr. Sher DORUFF, USA/NL, 1950, Research, Lecturer, Amsterdam School for the Arts/ARTI Lectoraat, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

sdoruff(at)xs4all.nl





THE INVERTED EYE: A TRANSDISCIPLINARY GAZE INTO THE DYSFUNCTIONAL MIND

22 02 2009

By KAREN INGHAM

Rene Descartes, when writing on optics and consciousness, (La Dioptrique 1637) instructed the reader to follow the advice of the German priest Christopher Sheiner, who, in 1619 used the dead eye from a recently deceased body as the lens for a camera obscura. Thus Descartes, perhaps best remembered, as the principle architect of Cartesian dualism, becomes the unwitting proponent of a tangible connection between body and mind in the relationship of vision to cognition and consciousness. Descartes was fascinated by the possibilities offered by the camera obscura, not least as an aid to understanding the complex mechanisms of sight and cognition. In his misguided search for the ‘seat of the soul’ (which he deduced was in the pineal gland) he spoke of looking into the metaphorical ‘mind’s eye’, in Descartes’ time impossible, but now thanks to fMRI scanners and confocal microscopy, seemingly a reality. The ‘Cartesian Theatre’ (though not conceived by Descartes himself) offers us the spectacle of the mind as a darkened theatre where we may search for ‘the self’, but the self is an elusive spectre, and neurologists now know that the self is not constant but is in a state of continuous neurobiological flux.

Read the rest of this entry »





KAREN INGHAM

22 02 2009

Karen Ingham

Dr. Karen Ingham is director of SATnet (Science, Art, Technology Network) Dynevor Centre for Art, Design and Media, Swansea Metropolitan University, Wales U.K. School of Research and Post-Graduate Studies.

www.smu.ac.uk/satnet

karen.ingham(at)smu.ac.uk

Artist, academic and writer on the anatomical theatre and the Vanitas memento mori. Research focuses on creative and provocative dialogues between art, bioscience, philosophy and technology. Publications include Death’s Witness (2000) Anatomy Lessons (2004), Seeds of Memory: art, neuroscience and botany (2006). Exhibitions include Vanitas: Seed-Head at the Waag, Amsterdam (2005) and conferences include New Constellations: art, science and society, Sydney Museum of Modern Art (2006).





GESTALT BIOMETRICS

21 02 2009

By HANNAH DRAYSON

Technology is not demonic, but its essence is mysterious.”
Martin Heidegger.

This paper forms part of an ongoing project, the aim of which is to incorporate physiological sensing technologies (1) into consciousness studies and creative technologies.
Physiological sensor technologies are tools that allow their users to magnify, focus upon and amplify certain aspects of human bodily function. Whilst these technologies find application in a range of domains, predominantly, their use is informed by biomedical science and medical practice.
These fields (2) incorporate a model of the human subject (Samson, 1999) which is unsuitable paradigmatically for the purposes of this work. Instruments such as the electrocardiograph and plethysmograph as tools of western bioscientific medicine may therefore also be seen to embody certain attitudes towards the human subject.
Physiological sensors have much to offer for the exploration of the reality of the human body, experience and consciousness, and also applications in the arts (Rosenboom, 1976), (Brouse et al, 2006). Applications such as biofeedback offer the subject an opportunity to experience the body in new ways or enhance perception. However, a disparity arises when phenomenological engagement with bodily experience is then mediated by medical instrumentation if it embodies a biomedical discourse which has been criticised for its exclusion of the human subject. To proceed, this paper aims to clarify the nature of this mediation by examining relevant critiques of biomedical models of the subject and their relation to instrumental technologies, suggesting possible solutions to explore in further work.

Read the rest of this entry »